ICBC Road Test Results Sheet – Understanding The 5 Global Skills

ICBC Road Test Results Sheet for Class 5/6/7/8

The ICBC road test results sheet can look confusing. This might be because demerit points are not used for these particular road tests anymore. It’s all about understanding ICBC’s “Global Skills” and marking system.

ICBC’s Global Skills

Drivers are being tested on ICBC’s “global skills.” These are broken down into:

  1. Observation
  2. Space Margins
  3. Speed
  4. Steering
  5. Communication

Within each of these global skills, there is a list of items. Think of this as a list of things you could do wrong (or right). In other words, the examiner will only write down something on this paper if you do something wrong, miss something, or make an error.

  • So, if your paper has no marks, I think it’s safe to say you passed your test
  • If you fail one section, you fail the entire test
  • Automatic fails can occur for dangerous actions, violations of the law or other reasons

Global Skills – Observation

A1 – Shoulder Check

Before any change in direction, lane change, road position, or pulling away from the curb, check to make sure the blind spot on the relevant side is clear by doing a quick shoulder check.

A2 – Scan

Always scan, especially when driving toward areas where hazards may be present, like playgrounds, crosswalks and intersections. Avoid staring straight ahead (tunnel vision).

A3 – Mirror Check

Check your mirrors before and after turning, changing lanes, or pulling out/over to the side of the road.

A4 – 360 Check

Before backing up, look all around the vehicle in a full circle (360 degrees) to ensure the surroundings are clear of any people, vehicles or hazards.

A5 – Direction of Travel

This is about keeping your eyes looking in the direction you are or will be travelling.

A6 – Backing

When reversing, look in the direction you are moving, with occasional glances forward if and when necessary. You may also glance at your back-up camera.

A7 – Hazard Perception

Always identify anything in your driving environment that could be a hazard to you and other road users.

A8 – Other

This is for any other observational errors not listed above.

Global Skills – Space Margins

B1 – Lane Position

Choose the appropriate, legal and safe lane position that also provides good visibility and ensures safe space margins.

B2 – Following Distance

Maintain a safe following distance between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you. Consider the road conditions, visibility, weather, and other factors when deciding the appropriate amount of space.

B3 – Stops Too Close/Far

Leave an appropriate distance between your vehicle and any stopped vehicle in front of you. You don’t want to leave a football field, but you do want to stop so that you can still see the rear tires of the vehicle in front of you touching the pavement when you stop. This is just in case it breaks down or you need to move around it for whatever reason.

B4 – Gap

Choose an appropriate space in traffic that doesn’t cause other road users to adjust speed and/or road position, take safe gaps when traffic permits and when legally permitted. In other words, if you see a safe opportunity to turn left, for example, then take it. It shows skill and confidence. On the other hand, turning when an oncoming vehicle is too close or too fast could fail your road test for being dangerous. So it’s important to practice this skill.

B5 – Blocks X-Walk

Stop behind crosswalks to avoid blocking people from crossing. It’s illegal to backup on a crosswalk, so if this happens, just stay there and apologize to any pedestrians. Otherwise, be sure to stop before the white stopping line.

B6 – Turn Position

Maintain a suitable lane position during your turn and end in the correct lane. Do not turn wide or cut the corner.

B7 – Occupied X-Walk

Stop the vehicle before entering an occupied crosswalk.

B8 – Manoeuvre Location

When changing lanes, turning, stopping or parking, ensure your vehicle is at a location safe for yourself and other road users. Complete the manoeuvre in a safe

B9 – Other

This is for any other space margin errors not listed in this section.

B10 – Stop Position

You must stop the correct distance from the legal stop position. Refer to “stopping at intersections” in the Learn to Drive Smart guide for more detail.

B11 – Road Position / Parking Lot

When driving in a parking lot, position your vehicle to ensure it is visible, obey signs/posted instructions and provide room for other road users.

B12 – 3-Point Turn or U Turn

You must effectively and safely complete a 3-point turn (U-turn for motorcycles). Refer to the Learn to Drive Smart, or Learn to Ride Smart, guide.

B13 – Parking Margins

When parking, leave adequate space for other vehicles and objects, park close to the curb, do not cover pavement markings, and ensure you are obeying regulations.

B14 – Railroad Crossing – Motorcycle

Cross train tracks at a safe angle to prevent your tires from getting caught in the tracks.

Global Skills – Speed

C1 – Speed Maintenance

Choose a speed that is consistent, within the speed limit and is appropriate for the conditions.

C2 – Rolling Stop

Bring the vehicle to a complete stop when required (at stop signs, red lights and when exiting parking lots).

C3 – Amber Light

When a light changes to amber, you must stop before entering the intersection unless you are unable to safely stop in time.

C4 – Acceleration / Deceleration

You must accelerate/decelerate smoothly, without stopping or slowing unnecessarily

C5 – Shifting

You must select the most efcient gear, and change between gears safely and smoothly. Do not change gear directions (e.g. forward to reverse) while in motion and do not coast in neutral or with the clutch in (manual transmission).

C6 – Rolling Back

You must use the correct brake and gear control to prevent rolling back on a hill.

C7 – Other

This is for any other speed control errors not listed in this section.

C8 – Covers Brakes

When you see a potential hazard, take your foot off the accelerator and cover the brake in preparation to stop. Also, keep the brake applied when stopped.

C9 – Parking Brake

Fully apply the parking brake when parking and fully release it before moving.

Global Skills – Steering

D1 – General Steering

Maintain control of the steering wheel. Refer to “Steering” in the Learn to Drive Smart guide. Avoid angling the car or wheels to the left when waiting to turn left.

D2 – Other

This is for any other steering errors not listed in this section.

D3 – Steering Wheel Position

Turn your front wheels in the appropriate direction when parked on a hill. Do not initiate a turn with one hand on the inside of the steering wheel.

D4 – Weight Transfer (motorcycle)

While in motion, keep your feet on the foot pegs and maintain a proper riding position.

Global Skills – Communication

E1 – Signal

Use your turn signal to let people know you are planning to turn, change lanes, pull out or pull over.

E2 – Timing

Signal well ahead of the intended action to provide plenty of warning, but not so far ahead as to confuse other road users.

E3 – Cancel

Cancel your signal after you have completed the manoeuvre.

E4 – Other

This is for any other communication errors not listed in this section.

Failure Reasons


Inability to meet the minimum criteria for the driving skills listed in each of the core competencies: Observation, Space Margin, Speed, Steering, and Communication.

Dangerous Action (DA)

A driver’s action or lack of action which could result in a collision or loss of control of the vehicle. Driver Examiner or other vehicle must take action to prevent collision.

Violation (V)

Where observed behaviour exceeds the range in the applicable criteria and is typically a ticketable offence e.g., Does not stop at red light.


Inability to operate equipment once test has begun. Unwilling or unable to perform manoeuvre. Hitting objects, driving over curbs/sidewalks.

Carmen Cohoe

Carmen became a driving instructor in beautiful North Vancouver at the age of 22 due to some crazy people who agreed to hire her. After that, there was never a dull moment teaching many different folks from many different places how to drive using automatic and standard vehicles and a minivan.

55 thoughts on “ICBC Road Test Results Sheet – Understanding The 5 Global Skills

  • Melanie

    I’ve been looking for an explanation of the new results sheets. The old one seems to have been very good in how it lists each mistake and where you made it. I can’t make sense of the new one. No spot mentions how may errors you can make in each area. There doesn’t seem to be anywhere that will indicate how many times you made that error.
    As I look at it, it seems you have to fully trust that the tester is adding everything up and not just making a general judgement of your skills. I prefer the old tally system. You can see very clearly *why* you may have failed. This one just tells you that you need more work without evidence.

  • Bonnie

    I am trying to make sense out of the ICBC Road Test Results document. My son has failed his Class 7 THREE times even though he took Young Drivers of Canada training in his teens and seems to be as decent a driver as I have ever driven with and I have been driving for more than 40 years. He’s very frustrated (and so am I) because I don’t know what he is doing that is so wrong. For sure he makes little mistakes, but seriously, nothing more than cutting a corner too close in his last exam. Areas to improve were not to block a x-walk (which he said he had the nose of the car just over the line closest to the car) and general steering. When I suggested once when he was practicing to slow down because the street was a narrow residential street with cars parked on both sides, he said one examiner said he shouldn’t slow down for that situation. That doesn’t seem safe. Comments were that he had good shoulder checks and good back up observation. How many mistakes can a driver make? He doesn’t have a copy of the road test with all the small boxes. Isn’t that important to have for proof that you drove poorly enough to fail? We are confused by the inconsistency we seem to have encountered. Any advice? Thank you!

    • Carmen

      Hello Bonnie!

      Sorry to hear about this. Did he never get a copy of his road test results paper? Normally they hand you a copy of it once you are done. If he can find it, maybe you can email it to me and I can try to make some sense of it. The one in this article is outdated since I wrote it many years ago and haven’t been able to update it yet, but the general concept is the same.

      You can make some mistakes, but they kind of need to be different mistakes, not the same category (those “Global Skills” over and over, if that made any sense at all.)

      Otherwise, I would try to speak with a manager at the ICBC driver licensing place, not sure if you would need to make appointment with him/her or just walk in and ask to speak with them. Tell them the situation, sometimes they have creative solutions that we don’t know about.

    • Carmen

      Are you sure he’s not pulling some kind of Dukes of Hazzard type of thing and then shredding the results sheet before you see it… ?!

  • Graham

    If you’re taking an exam in a driving school vehicle, are they allowed to use the passenger side brake pedal if it’s not to prevent an accident. Failed my test because I saw a stop sign late but still hit the brakes and would have made the stop but the tester hit their brake and failed me because of it.

    • Bailey

      If you miss two shoulder checks is that grounds of failing your class 7? Only thing that is marked on the sheet that RT shoulder check is marked off and I am confused.

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